When the city of Athens was preparing to host the 2004 Summer Olympic Games, the Ministry of Public Order and the Office of the Greek Ombudsman turned to PARC to provide practical advice to members of ELAS, the Greek Police, concerning police conduct.

Scope of Work

The Greek government requested a practical guide and compendium of practices that could serve as a practical tool for local law enforcement during the major international event.  Ultimately, the guide addressed, among other topics:

  • Responding to requests by individauls for information or assistance;
  • Conducting stops, searches, and arrests; and
  • Policing crowds.


Best Practices in Light of Local Needs.  PARC and its partners considered best practices in light of international concerns, incorporating and synthesizing practices from ELAS (the Greek Police), the European Code of Police Ethics by the Council of Europe, the International Human Rights Standards for Law Enforcement which the United Nations has adopted, the reports of the Greek Ombudsman, and internationally-recognized best practices. 

Clear Articulation of Basic Principles.  PARC's guide emphasized clear statements of values, tactics, and best practice that could be presented in a user-friendly, accessible format.

Partnership & Collaboration.  PARC partnered closely with the Altus Global Alliance (based in the Hague) and the Center for Studies on Public Security and Citizenship of Rio de Janeiro.


Some 30,000 copies of the booklet were distributed in Greek to ELAS officers. Citing national law and international standards, the booklet addressed recognized good practices and was credited with improving the quality of community-police interactions during the 2004 Olympics.



Produce a practical guide for members of the Greek Police concerning conduct during the Olympic Games.


Officer Training & Tactics
Crowd Control
Stops & Detentions
Community Policing


Greek Ombudsman, "Practical Guide for Interaction Between Police Officers and Civilians During the Period of the Olympic Games" (July 2004)