Policing and Mentally Ill Individuals


Police frequently encounter individuals who are mentally ill.   Departments’ approaches in relation to these individuals vary greatly, whether in general encounters or in specific incidents that have become dangerous stand-offs.  Some departments have created special “crisis intervention teams” specifically trained on mental health issues.  These special teams often collaborate with local mental health officials and respond jointly to calls for service involving persons with a mental illness.



Publications

Bureau of Justice Assistance, “Memphis, Tennessee, Police Department’s Crisis Intervention Team,” 2000.
http://www.ncjrs.org/pdffiles1/bja/182501.pdf

PARC Best Practices Review interview with Maj. Sam Cochran, Memphis Police Department, July 2003. [PDF 100]
http://www.parc.info/pubs/pdf/bprjuly1.pdf

Virginia G. Cooper, Alix M. McLearen and Patricia A. Zapf, “Dispositional Decisions with the Mentally Ill:  Police Perceptions and Characteristics,” Police Quarterly, September 2004.

Randolph Dupont, PhD, and Sam Cochran, MS, “Police Response to Mental Health Emergencies – Barriers to Change,” The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2000.

Robert J. Kaminski, Clete DiGiovanni and Raymond Downs, “The Use of Force Between the Police and Persons with Impaired Judgment,” Police Quarterly, September 2004.

Los Angeles Police Department, “Consent Decree Mental Illness Final Report,” May 2002.
http://www.lapdonline.org/portal/generic.php?page=
/inside_lapd/cd/consent_decree.htm


Jim Ruiz and Chad Miller, “An Exploratory Study of Pennsylvania Police Officers’ Perceptions of Dangerousness and Their Ability to Manage Persons with Mental Illness,” Police Quarterly, September 2004.   

Henry J. Steadman, Joseph P. Morrisey, Martha W. Deane, and Randy Borum, Henry J. Steadman, PhD, Martha Williams Deane, MA, Randy Borum, PsyD, Joseph P. Morrissey, PhD, “Comparing Outcomes of Major Models of Police Responses to Mental Health Emergencies,” Psychiatric Services, Vol. 51, No. 5, May 2000.

“Police Response to Emotionally Disturbed Persons:  Analyzing New Models of
Police Interations with the Mental Health System,” Washington, DC:  U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, December 1999.
http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/179984.pdf

Jennifer L. S. Teller, PhD, Mark R. Munetz, MD, Karen M. Gil, PhD, Christian Ritter, PhD, “Crisis Intervention Team Training for Police Officers Responding to Mental Disturbance Calls,” Psychiatric Services, Vol. 57, No. 2, February 2006.

Linda A. Teplin, “Keeping the Peace:  Police Discretion and Mentally Ill Persons,” Washington, DC:  U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice Journal, July 2000.
http://ncjrs.org/pdffiles1/jr000244c.pdf


Back To Top


Relevant Links/Resources

Independent Police Complaints Commission, United Kingdom, “Mental Health and Policing.” 
http://www.ipcc.gov.uk/index/information/themes/mental_health.htm

Mental Health Consensus Project
http://consensusproject.org/about-the-project/

National Alliance on Mental Illness
http://www.nami.org/

National Institute of Mental Health
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/nimhhome/index.cfm

Western Law Center for Disability Rights
http://wlcdr.everybody.org/


Back To Top


Home | Services | Issues | Projects | Publications | Monitoring | Contribute

Police Assessment Resource Center
P.O. Box 27445, Los Angeles, CA 90027-0445
PH: (213) 623-5757 FAX: (213) 623-5959
information@parc.info